Table of Contents
   Secessionist Movements
- Article 370
- Interim Government
- The Plebiscite Front
   Muslim Militancy
- The Gathering Storm
- War of Attrition
   Disinformation Compaign
- Political Alienation
- Muslim Precedence
- Economics of Militancy
   Genocide of Hindus
- The Minorities
- Quit Kashmir
- Darkness at Noon
- The Exodus
- Ethnic Cleansing
   Search for Refuge
- Leave Salary
- Scorched Earth
   Book in pdf format  

Koshur Music

An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri

Panun Kashmir


Symbol of Unity


Chapter 2
Muslim Militancy


It is still premature to say that the militant violence has not made any impression on the defence structures of India. One thing, however, is certain that the militancy in Kashmir has prepared ground for a future intervention that the armies of Pakistan may plan to undertake in Jammu and Kashmir. Besides the strategic advantages the secessionists have achieved in Kashmir there are several other objectives which Pakistan has achieved so far. They are: 
  • the militants have established their hold on the major section of the Muslims in Kashmir by ideological indoctrination and by force of arms; 
  • they have destroyed the confidence of the Hindus in the ability of the Government of India to protect them and thus alienated them completely; 
  • By eliminating the Hindus they have destroyed the population balances which formed the bases of whatever esemblence of secularism there still was in Kashmir and communalised the entire society in the State; 
  • they have demolished all the stable support bases India had in Kashmir; 
  • they have succeeded in intimidating the Indian Government into a profileless resistance, which has so far been self-defeating; whereas the militants have enhanced their ideological appeal and acceptance; 
  • they have achieved a large measure of Muslim approval for the religious war, they are waging against India and the Hindus; 
  • By their lactical maneuvers of using the Muslims as a shield for their guerrilla warfare they have involved wide segments of the Muslim population in their operations. 
In one respect, the secessionist forces have failed to achieve the desired results. They have not been able to attract as much international interest in the State with a view to create conditions for third power intervention. They had presumed that the recession of the Soviet influence from Europe and the reduction of pressure in Afghanistan would provide Pakistan an international context, dominated by the United States, and a more confidant American administration would be decisively helpful to Pakistan than it had ever been. Perhaps, because the world is no longer divided on the basis of bipolarity and the cold war interests no longer govern foreign policies of the major international powers, the response to the crisis in Kashmir has been qualitatively different than it was before Soviet Russia has ceased to exist and the interests of the major powers in central Asia, have shifted to new alignments, other than those on which Pakistan had based its policies towards Kashrnir. 

Except the official versions, much information about the damage the militants have inflicted on the security forces in Kashmir is not known and available. If the local vernacular press and the wall posters the militants issue, are taken into account, the extent of damage the security forces have suffered, is considerable. The militants have followed a hit-and-run strategy, in which the local Muslims act as a shield to protect them and provide them logistic support. The so called searches are a part of the pressure tactics, the paramilitary forces have so far been employing to limit the advantages the militants have in using the Muslim population to provide them cover. Otherwise, the idea of using civil procedures in combing operations and in a situation of civil war which has involved high military manoeuvers, is ludicrous The Indian paramilitary troops are fighting a war with the armed militia, which the Pakistan trained Muslim terrorists constitute and which receive its armour and direction from the military organisation of Pakistan. 

The Government of India continues to harbour a number of erroneous impressions about the objectives the militants are expected to achieve. They still believe that the commoner Muslims are a factor in the widespread military regime the militants are organised into, and the militants, therefore, have not established a support base among the Muslim masses in the State. Secondly, they still presume that the militant operations in Kashmir are civil eruptions, which must be met with action under civil procedure. Thirdly, they believe that even after hundreds of Hindus have been murdered, their property looted and destroyed, their temples burnt down and bombed, and their entire population uprooted and pushed out of Kashmir, the violence in Kashmir does not represent Muslim communalism and separatism. 

In utter-self deception the Indian leaders still believe that the secessionist forces in the State have not accepted Pakistan as a factor in whatever differences they have had with India and a readjustment in power equations, flow of finance and economic advantage, reached with them would end the present crisis. In their self-conceit, the Indian leaders still presume that Muslimisation of the State was complementary to Indian secularism and a balance could be struck with the Muslims, even if it was at the cost of the Hindus.        

White Paper on Kashmir



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World Kashmiri Pandit Conference 1993 Panun Kashmir
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