Table of Contents
   Secessionist Movements
- Article 370
- Interim Government
- The Plebiscite Front
   Muslim Militancy
- The Gathering Storm
- War of Attrition
   Disinformation Compaign
- Political Alienation
- Muslim Precedence
- Economics of Militancy
   Genocide of Hindus
- The Minorities
- Quit Kashmir
- Darkness at Noon
- The Exodus
- Ethnic Cleansing
   Search for Refuge
- Leave Salary
- Scorched Earth
   Book in pdf format  

Koshur Music

An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri

Panun Kashmir


Symbol of Unity


Chapter 4
Genocide of Hindus


The first blow which fell on the Kashmiri Hindus was the assasination of Pandit Tika Lal Taploo, the member of the National Executive of the Bhartiya Janata Party. Taploo was widely respected among the Hindus in Kashmir and though Kashmiri Hindus held diverse views on electoral politics, they venerated him as an indefatigable champion of their cause. He was assasinated by terrorists outside his house in Srinagar, while he was on his way to the local court where he practised as a lawyer. 

Tika Lal Taploo was given a tearfull farewell by thousands of Kashmiri Hindus who accompanied his funeral procession. The Kashmiri Hindus had given a call for a bandh that day. The Hindu shops, schools and office-establishment were closed, but the Muslims went on their work as usual. While the funeral procession, carrying Taploo on his last journey wound its way through the streets of Srinagar, stones were pelted on it. 

The next day, the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front owned the responsibility of killing Taploo. He was proclaimed the an enemy of the freedom of the Muslims of the State. 

Taploo's death was followed by the broad day murder of the former Sessions Judge Pandit Nila Kanth Ganjoo, who had sentenced Maqbool Bhat, a founder, member of the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front to death. Bhat was convicted of murder and executed. Ganjoo was killed in the busy market of Hari Singh High Street in Srinagar and his body lay unclaimed for an hour, weilding gunmen prowled round the place till the police appeared on the scene. 

A few days after, Klashikov terrorists gunned down another prominent Kashmiri Hindus leader, Prem Nath Bhat. Bhat too, was a lawyer and a columnist and had returned to his native town of Anantnag after he had left Kashmir due to the threats and warnings, he had received from the militants. 

After Bhat's death, hell broke loose in the Valley. Long hit lists were circulated in the villages and the townships of the valley indicting the Hindus for 'Mukhbiri', or complicity with the Indian State against the liberation movement of the Muslims. Most of the Hindus condemned to death, escaped to Jammu along with their families, usually during the darkness of the night. Those, who ignored the warning, paid with their life. 

A deliberately designed, two pronged plan to dislodge the Hindus from Kashmir was surruptitiously put into operation by the various terrorist organisations. Several hit lists were circulated all over the Valley, in towns as well as villages. The hit lists were accompanied by rumours about the Kashmiri Hindus, who were found by the militants to have been involved in 'Mukhbiri' or complicity with the Government of India. The rumours were deadly mainly because they made life uncertain. To back up the effect of the hit-lists and rumours, pressure was brought to bear upon the Kashmiri Pandits by several other subtler methods. Many Kashmiri Hindus, were counseled by their neighbours, village elders, and even senior Jamait-Islami leaders to leave the Valley to save their lives. In many cases, the advice was genuine, but in general, the campaign of counselling was a part of the strategy to instill fear in the Kashmiri Hindus so that they took to their heels. In a number of towns and villages, the local people issued threats from the mosques and spread rumours charging the Kashmir Hindus of conspiracy and espionage, in order to break their resolve to stay behind. Larger number of prominent men among the Kashmiri Hindus, social workers, leaders and intellectuals, were listed for death. Most of them escaped from the Valley secretly, to avoid suspicion and interception. 

In the rural areas of the valley, cadres of the secessionist organisations and their supporters, almost of every shade and commitment, the supporters of the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front in the vauguard did not hide their hostility towards the Hindus. At many places, even in Srinagar and the other townships, Kashmiri Hindus were openly charged of espionage for India. The indictment spelt death. At many places, the Kashmiri Hindus were assured protection if they embraced Islam. The more enthusiastic Muslim elements, mainly supported by Jamait-Islami, used intimidation and pressure to persuade the Hindus to abandon their faith. In one village, in District Anantnag, a village elder approached a Kashmiri Hindu woman, a widow, who lived with her three daughters in the neighbourhood and assured her that there was no danger to her life or the life of her daughters. As the poor woman expressed her gratefulness, the patriarch offered to marry her three daughters to his three sons which, he said, would end the insecurity, her family faced. The helpless woman recoiled in horror. Depending on her instinct, the woman left her home at midnight and along with her daughters, trudged on foot to a nearby village, where her brother lived. The next day and she reached Jammu. 

White Paper on Kashmir



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World Kashmiri Pandit Conference 1993 Panun Kashmir
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