that on the 14th of the dark-half of the month, one should take bath, before
sun-rise, in the cool water of the Vitasta or the Visoka or the Candravati
or the Harsapatha or the Trikoti or the Sindhu or the holy Kanakavahini
or any other holy river or the water-reservoirs and the lakes.
kand-fulls of water should be offered in the name of Yama, one for each
name. Listen from me those names:
505. To Yama,
to Dharmaraja, to Mrtyu, to Antaka, to Vaivasvata, to Kala and to Destroyer
of all life.
taken bath, one should worship Dharmraja with flowers, incenses, scents
and a great quantity of rice mixed with pulses.
should be performed with sesame mixed with clarified butter, and the Brahmanas
should be fed with rice mixed with pulses, and should be given the sacrificial
508-9. O best
among the twice-borns, by doing so a man is purified and freed from all
sins if he be not associated with Great Sins. How can there be salvation for the performer of Great Sins, without performing atonements?
510. Bath etc.
everything is considered to be imperishable therein, if the fifteenth (of
the dark half of Pausa) be joined with Sravana.
the 4th of the bright half of the month of Magha, one desiring prosperity
should worship Uma with lamps, grains, garlands, incenses, ginger, coarse
sugar, Kusumbha flower, salt, saffron, collyrium, comb and Kunda flowers
brought even with great effort. O descendant of Kasyapa, the women, who
are devoted to their husbands and whose husbands are alive, and also the
sisters etc. should be worshipped there. Same should be done in the month
of Asvayuj and same in the month of Jyestha.
515. Aman possessed
of devotion should celebrate all 4th days, but this triad of fourth days
(should be celebrated) certainly. O Brahmana, the women should especially
celebrate these (days).
516. On the
full-moon night of Magha, a man should perform Sraddha with sesame and
give enough food consisting of pious offerings to the crows.
the passing away of the eighth of the month of Magha, there should be celebrated
for three days, a small festival. Know the procedure of that from me.
the twenty fourth Treta, Hari shall assume the form of a human being, Raghunandana
Rama, son of Dasaratha. Thence forward should be celebrated a small festival
and after that (small one) a great one.
520. Caru (grain
boiled in milk or butter or water) of all grains should be prepared with
effort. The Brahmanas, the relatives made by marriage and the maternal
relatives should be worshipped with that (caru) and cakes of flour.
goddess Sita - wife of Rama - should be worshipped with effort. On the
9th should be fed the Brahmanas with eatables made of flour mixed with
honey, as the means may allow. Karisini should be worshipped.
523. On the
tenth should be prepared rice of various types and with that should be
worshipped the Brahmanas, the friends and the followers.
524. One should
honour one's own self and listen to vocal and instrumental music. Ceremonies
of touching auspicious things should be performed, verily, for three days.
525-26. O twice-born,
if that twelfth (day) be associated with Sravana, then the wise observing
last should worship the god Hari and do all performances with sesame as
said before. O giver of honour, everything done in that becomes imperishable.
527. On the
dark fourteenth after the passing-away of that ( twelfth), one observing
fast, should take bath and worship Mahesvara.
528. The wise
should bathe the Linga with its woollen covering put aside, with the method
followed in the Awakening of God and with materials mentioned above.
worshipped (the Linga) with scents, garlands, red clothes, ointments, eatable
offerings of various types and pleasing of Fire and the Brahmanas, devotion
with vigil at night should be observed. Siva Dharmas and (the stories about)
the incarnations of Siva should be listened to.
the eatable offerings for Sankara, animals should be made of flour. He
should be worshipped on the fifteenth also. O best among the twice-borns,
there too, meals consisting of haif ripe barley and cakes of sugar covered
with sesames should be taken. The God must be necessarily worshipped on
the 14th of the dark half of that month. In other months, He may or may
not be worshipped according to one's desire. Having worshipped Him, one
is established in Rudraloka and obtains mastery over the Ganas.
534. O best
among the twice-borns, listen to me who am saying as to how the festival
in the bright half of the month of Phalguna should be celebrated.
fast, the persons - bathed and adorned - should place earthen lamps on
the snow at the time of night-fall.
that, the gods and the Fathers should be fed. Next day, the houses and
especially the temples should be worshipped with beautiful garlands of
grains. Then should be worshipped Sita with scents, garlands etc.
that, special meals should be taken, and then should be celebrated the
festival, full of songs and dances.
the cooked food which is to be given daily, nothing should be given on
that day. Anything received should be got hold of with great effort.
540. Next day,
one should decorate oneself, touch auspicious things and celebrate a special
541. On that
day, gifts should be given to and accepted from the twice-borns, dependants,
craftsmen and relatives.
who are addicted to drinking should drink wine and the Brahmanas should
take auspicious drinks. The bed chamber should be perfumed with the perfume
should be made ill-disposed on that day. Happy women - well-fed, well-dressed,
well-scented, well-anointed and decorated with ornaments - should play
in the company of men.
545. On the
rising of the moon in the (full-moon) night of Phalguna, the moon and after
that Aryama also should be worshipped.
should be observed during the night by singing, dancing and playing on
instruments. On next day should be viewed the performances of the dancers,
the actors and the singers. This should continue up to the fifth of the
dark-half (of Phalguna).
consisting mainly of a medicinal plant Parpata should be taken for five
days and decoration of the womenfolk and the self should be made.
549. O twice-born,
on that very fifth day Kasmira becomes menstruating so her worship must
be performed thereafter.
550. A beautiful
stone-image of Kasmira should be made and that should be worshipped by
offering unguents, clothes and eatables.
things like flowers, incense etc. should not be given to her for three
days. O best among the twice- born, offering of milk is also prohibited.
552. The worship
should be performed by women, by no means by men. The goddess should be
bathed by women on the 8th of the dark half of that month. Afterwards,
she should be bathed by the twice-borns, from pitchers full of all medicines.
bathed that goddess with scents, seeds, jewels and fruits successively,
they should worship her with scents, garlands, clothes, ornaments, food
and special preparations of cow's milk.
the gods should be performed with eatables of triangular shape made of
ground Phaseolus Mungo (mudga), husked rice and unhushked rice and these
should be given to the relatives also. Fire-worship should be performed
and so also the worship of the Brahmanas.
557. The women
- well-bathed, well-scented, well-fed and well-dressed - should be pleased
on that day.
558. O twice-born,
food should be sent to the friend's house, and music of Tantri-instrument
should be listened to at ease by the well-fed (persons) .
559. O best
among the twice-borns, Kasmira - bathed after menstruation - becomes pregnant
since then, so cultivation should be started after that.
made the field ready on a day told by the astrologer, one, surrounded by
the friends, should worship the goddess Earth, a pair of bulls, cow, horse,
Baladeva, Mahadeva, Vamadeva, the Sun, the Moon, the lord of medicines, Parjanya,
Indra, Pracetas, Rama, Laksmana, Sita, Sesa - the bearer of the
earth, Brahma, Kasyapa, Fire, Wind, Sky, each one separately with garlands,
scents, incenses and eatable offerings.
should be performed, and after that the worship of the Brahmanas (should
be performed). Then sacrificial fee should be given to the Brahmanas, according
to one's means.
a man - well-anointed, well-decorated, well-fed and possessed of auspicious
features should sow the seed.
566. The seed,
drenched in water rendered holy with gold, should be sown with gold amidst
high sounds of musical instruments, and Brahmanas on a holy day.
first one should plough the auspicious earth which is already inclined
(to receive the seed). O twice-born, well-decorated one should eat, in
the centre of the field, in the company of friends, wife and dependants.
A festival full of singing and dancing should be celebrated with heart-
enchanting sounds of musical instruments.
569. O twice-born,
it is stated that on the eleventh day following (the full-moon night) of
Phalguna, the women should worship the god Chandah.
570. Men should
never wonhip him. Due to a boon given by Brahma, he is to receive worship
from the women.
571. (He should
be worshipped) with the flesh of water-born animals, various types of eatables,
garlands, incenses and fragrant saffron.
such worship, the wise should worship him on the twelfth. O twice-born,
after being sent out of one's house through the door, he should be brought
in through the ventilator. Then he should be placed at one's will.
574. O best
among the twice-born, on the fourteenth of that (fortnight). Sankara should
be worshipped and a great festival should be celebrated at night.
575. O Brahmana,
highly strong and pious-minded Nikumbha, along with his followers, worships
Sankara on that fourteenth.
should be observed during that night and the worship of Sambhu - the god
of gods - should be performed with effort.
- the lord of the Pisacas - should also be worshipped and the well-prepared
oblations should be offered to the Pisacas.
mixed with cakes of meat and other non-vegetarian food, fish, meat etc.
should be placed under the trees, in cow-pens, in various types of houses,
on road- crossings, in streets, court-yards, rivers, prominent vacant houses,
on tops of mountains, in palaces, burning-grounds and on roads. O descendant
of Kasyapa, children should be protected during that night, in every house.
men should pass that night in the company of courtesans, with the observance
of the vow of celibacy and with singing, dancing and heart-enchanting musical
582. Then on
the last dark fifteenth of the year, one should perform Sraddha and offer
food to the dogs, at one's desire.
583-84. O descedant
of Kasyapa, on the first day in the beginning of the blight half of Caitra,
the worship of Brahma must be performed by the wise with various sorts
of flowers, scents, clothes, ornaments, incenses, fire-worships and plcasing
of the Brahmanas.
585. On that
very day, Mahasanti ceremony should be performed by the rich, for the obtainment
and preservation of wealth.
586. O descendent
of Kasyapa, on that very day should be worshipped Time, as formerly, the
reckoning of time was started on that day.
587. On that
very day, verily, Brahma created this world at sun-rise. O best among the twice-borns, we have heard thus.
588. The gods
Brahma Visnu and Mahesvara should be worshipped. Rites for propitiating
planets and constellations should be performed in accordance with the instructions
of an astrologer.
589. O giver
of honour, all the planets, and all the stars should be worshipped, and
also the year and all other parts of Time.
590. Kala and
Kalpa both are to be worshipped and so also fourteen Manus who had been
in the past and shall be in future. Listen to their names from me.
of all (comes) Svayambhuva Manu, then (come) Svarocisa Manu, Auttama, Tamasa,
Raivata, Caksusa Vaivasvata, Arkasavarni, Brahmasavarna, Bhadresa, Daksasavarna,
Raucya and Bhautya.
593-95. O Brahman,
fourteen lords Or the gods namely Vihabhuk, Vipascit, Sucitti, Nidhi, Vibhu,
Manojava Tejasvi, Vadi, Adbhuta, Santi, Vrsa - the excellent god, Rtudhama
- the lord of the gods, Suci and Sukla are to be worshipped.
O best among
the twice-born, the worship of Yugas (Ages) also should be performed.
596-97. Five Samvatsaras, two Ayanas, six seasons and twelve months should be worshipped.
Two fort-nights and fifteen dates should also be worshipped. Karanas, Muhurtas
and Rasis should be worshipped separately.
598-600. Marici, Atri, Angira, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu, Bhrgu, Sanatkumara,
Dharma, Vasistha, Satya, Kama, Artha, Hutasana, Vasus, Rudras, the guardians
of the worlds who live on the Lokaloka mountain, and the guardians of the
quarters namely, Sudhama, Sankhapada, Ketuman and Hiranyaroma should also