good rivers in this way, the goddess became united with the Ganga and the Sindhu.
302. The water
of Vitasta mixed with that of Sindhu is like milk mixed with nectar, beauty
associated with elegance and knowledge associated with good nature.
303-4. 0 king,
she became there such as is bravery associated with humility, piety associated
with wealth, clay of high quality refined through purification, Kama associated
with mind, gem associated with gold, life associated with health, and profit
associated with honour.
by affection, Tapana's daughter - the goddess Ganga - due to the great
respect and devotion for the sage, augmented with her own part the Vitasta,
the best of the rivers, the destroyer of all sins. The Sindhu should be
regarded as the Ganga and the Vitasta as the Yamuna.
307. The place,
where there is the confluence of these two, should be regarded as equal
to Prayaga. Appropriating the water of the Ganga, the Yamuna said to the Ganga:
308. "O possessed
of beautiful colour, at Prayaga my name is appropriated by you and in Kasmira
your name has been appropriated by me."
309. Then the
Ganga said to her, "O beautiful one, I must again appropriate your name
when I am designated as Sindhu."
come to know this fact, Sati - the river going in the company of the Sindhu
- divided itself and did not go beyond the Himalaya, through the way made
with the plough.
sage Kasyapa again spoke to her possessed of great fortune: "O beautiful
one, you must necessarily go by the way made with the plough, otherwise
the whole country will be turned into a lake." Persuaded again and again
by Kasyapa, that excellent river went in anger through the way made with
plough. So, though clear, she is seen as a dirty one at that place.
said: "Assuming the form of a river called Vitasta, O goddess, the daughter
of the mountain, you are not a river (but) an ascetic lady, wife of Sarva,
even higher than Sarva.
315. May there
be happiness for you. You are the daughter of the mountain and on account
of (being born) from his body are (called) the mountain-river. O wife of Rudra, you are borne by S'ambhu and being requested, you flow (in the form
of a river).
great sinners also who having offered their bodies to you are gone to heaven
are pleased to see their bodies carried away by (your) waves.
317. They are
surprised to see their bodies ( and say ), 'We are in heaven, and being
in the water, are still sporting in ( the river which is a form of ) Uma.
318. O goddess,
the fire of hell for the human beings is pacified with your cool outpourings
called waves, born of water-drops and sent forth by the wind.
319. O goddess,
born of the mountain, you pacify the fire of three times seven hells for
the human beings by means of your waves shining with earthen lamps.
persons who will take bath in your holy water, shall go to Brahmaloka,
even if they have committed Great Sins.
who bathe even once in your waters, do not see, even in dream, the dreadful
tortures of Yama induced by the contraction of his eye-brows.
322. The sages
know that for a Brahmana always performing (his) duties, a bath in you
is the giver of salvation and a bath in the Ganga is the giver of heaven.
of even the three worlds, you are possessed of great infiuence. O goddess,
you are Uma, the mother of all gods and not a river.
324. O goddess,(you
are) the solidity of gods, the goddess Bharati of gods. O river, you are
always the satisfaction of all beings on the earth.
325. O goddess,
do favour upon me. Engaged in the welfare of this country, go further from
this abode with an unannoyed mind.
326. You are
half of the body of Hara. You are the wife of the God and not a stream
who while running to meet Sindhu have been requested by me.
alone is your lord and the ocean is not different from Him. Go quickly
to your lord S'iva by meeting the ocean.
heard thus, the goddess again remembered her own saying and becoming eager,
made up her mind to go to him.
the stream bearing resemblance to a hill of water, went forth with great
force, doing as it were the parting of Himalaya's hair.
330 O king,
then she joined the goddess Krishna and hundreds and thousands of other
through the middle of Svairajakas and a part of Matras, and crossing
it joined the Ganga.
this sin-destroving Vitasta - the best of the rivers - appeared on the
earth in the company of Laksmi, due to the instruction of Kasyapa.
333. O king,
(there appeared) also Aditi, Diti, S'aci, the excellent river Ganga and
the daughter of the Sun, i.e. Yamuna.
thus in Kasmira the four aeons passed After the completion of those four aeons, at the end of the month of
Asvayuj, the human beings went out after
having made collections of rice etc.
336 An old
good Brahmana named Candradeva - descendant of Kasyapa - did not go out
due to despondancy and due to being ordained by future events.
was not killed due to the fear of Nikumbha and also for the sake of sport.
The Pisacas, then, played with that Brahmana as the little boys (play)
with a bird tied to a string. Agitated by the Pisacas, he obtained complete
indifference (to worldly objects).
by the Pisacas and with cold and snow, that old good Brahmana roamed with
a perplexed mind and while roaming, he reached (that place) where (lived)
that king of the Nagas.
340. At the
place where Ananta had formerly fixed his plough, there (existed) since
olden times, the highly exalted abode of Nila.
that very time, the mighty Nila, the lord of the Nagas, seated on a hice
couch under Dhanada, the best of the mountains, was being served by the high-souled Pisaca Nikumbha and highly powerful and dreadful
343. The Nagas
and the Naga-maidens who had made their abodes in Kasmira, waited in large
numbers upon that Naga-king.
344. Some of
the Nagas were praising the king, the others were fanning (him), while
others, again, were waiting upon him, the pious one seated on an excellent
in their midst, Nila, resembling a mass of black antimony, shining forth
with his ear-rings and the diadem of sun-like colour, adorned with one
garment shining like the lightening, and the China-silk resembling the
rays of the moon, shining due to a variegated canopy decorated all around
with rows of little bells and due to seven hundred terrible snake-hoods
radiant with jewels and surrounded by garlands of effulgence spread forth
by gems of the lamps studded with gems, Candradeva thought "This must be Nila." Due to the favour of that mighty lord of the serpents, that twice-born
approached the Naga, did obeisance, touches, the earth with his knees and
then pronounced the hymn of praise.
said: "Salutation to you, O Nila, sovereign-king of the Nagas, possessed
of lustre like that of the blue lotus, resembling a mass of blue clouds,
having abode in dark blue waters, you shine, O Naga, with seven hundred
hoods, You blaze forth like the seven-horsed sun, with rays.
353. O Nila
of dark blue complexion, O lord of the gods, O king of the Nagas, you -
chief of the hooded ones, sitting in the sky and called immortal - are
seen, as it were, through meditation, by your own gods who are wise and
who have subdued sins.
354. O Nila,
enthroned like the lord of sacrifice you are propitiated with various rites,
for the attainment of salvation, by the Brahmanas who know the meaning
of the Vedas and perform proper sacrifices in worldly matters.
355. O lord
of the Nagas, the chiefs of the gods recognize you as fire and as the sun
in the sky. Shining like fire, O Nila, you accomplish the deeds of your
356. By me
you have been seen as appearing for some reason, though you dwell in all
the beings. Then remember. ed, you release me from the great calamity.
Salutation to you, O lord of men, protect (this) Brahmana.
357. O Nila,
shining with the multitude of water-torrents, you shimmer like Visnu, the
lord of the immortals. Being a creator of the creator, you enjoy the company
of the lord of Yama and always bow down before Vasudeva.
358. Clad in
blue raiment and possessed of blue eyes, O Nila, O lord of the Nagas, even
a man of unrestrained senses who contemplates you - the lord of the gods
and all pervading like the Ether - is saved by your grace.
359. O Nila,
the Vedas have sung about you - the eternal one - as the essence of the
Vedas, the object of worship in the fire, the fulfiller of the desires
of those who seek salvation and those who are ambitious ( of material gain
by you the Brahma is indivisible, pure and the highest. Due to its minuteness,
it is called Ether and is even with all the limbs, uncreated.
361. O Akincanya,
you, too, have not been able to explain the true essence of that highly
minute ( and still ) great one. For being the support of all the elements,
you are the great essence of your ownself and of that imperishable one.
362. O Lord
of the Naga-kings, Kadru adorned with a thousand sons shines exceedingly
by you only as Aditi by Visnu only.
363. O Lord,
you alone shine so much with penance and send forth water, snow and showers.
364. O highly
pious one, Prajapati Kasyapa - the father of all beings - is adorned exceedingly
by having you as a son.
365-66. O Lord,
in you there is piety, truth and forbearance. In the wars amongst the gods
and the demons, you have slain hundreds and thousands of the demons who
were (like) thorns for the gods and the Brahmanas. O mighty one, you are
the giver of the boons, worthy of attainment and slayer of the armies of
the enemies of the gods.
compassion on your devotees, you are highly devoted to Janardana, the god
of the gods. You are exceedingly dear to Him as is that Naga Vasuki.
368. O Naga,
the Dhanada ("Wealth-giver", the name of a mountain) is always your friend
as of S'iva. Well-known as the lord of wealth, you give wealth to (your)
369. You are
the refuge of the Nagas as Indra is of the gods. O pious one, know that
I am full of devotion for you.
370. Nila said:
"Hail to you, O best among the twice. born. O lord of the Brahmanas, Luckily
you have approached me and are to be honoured as you have been regarded
as a guest by me.
to you ! Ask for a boon which is desired by you and is dear to your heart.
Visit my home and stay there as it may please you."
(spoke): "O best among the Naga-chiefs, you must give me a boon. I ask
for a boon and you are worthy of granting that to me.
373. O possessed
of terrible prowess, let the human beings live constantly in Kasmira. The
people are always oppressed in going away and coming again.
their homes and cities of various sorts, the human beings ... May they
live ( here) with your favour. This is the boon I solicit for.
375. Nila (said):
" O best among the twice-born, it will be so. Acting upon my instructions
received by me from Kesava, the human beings may live here constantly."
thus, Nila took the Brahmana to his home, worshipped him, fed him properly
and told him the practices (to be followed) for living in Kasmira. The
Brahmana also lived happily in the home of Nila for six months.
378. When the
(full moon night) of Caitra had passed, men poured in from all sides and
there came also the king named Virodaya surrounded by many horses and elephants.
the human beings had entered, the young Brahmana appointed by Nila approached
king Virodaya with hoards of wealth and related to him the whole account.
The king also related the whole incident to all the people.
then, human beings acting upon the instructions of Nila lived happily in
Kasmira after constructing houses there.
constructed various sorts of houses, temples, sacred places, villages and
cities, the people lived in that dwelling-place.
then, very little snow falls in this country and the people always obey
the words of Nila.
(said): Told thus by Brhadasva, king Gonanda, possessed of curiosity, asked
that sage again:
385. O descendant
of Bhrgu, possessed of great lustre, tell me as to which were the holy
practices which Nila, formerly, pronounced to Candradeva?
( said): O king, listen attentively to that which the Naga - seated on
a couch - told the Brahmana seated on a silver stool.
387. Nila (said):
"Having bowed before Hrsikesa Hari the preceptor of Parasara, I shall relate
to you the practice (to be followed) for living in Kasmira.
388. O son
of Kasyapa, on Asvayuji there comes Nikumbha, after killing in battle,
many Pisacas gone to the sea of sand.
389. The full
moon night should be celebratcd for his worship. Know that from me.
390. The houses
should be white-washed and worshipped. Men, especially the children, must
take bath and anoint themselves.
391. Men should
not eat anything on that day. Food should be given only to the children
and the sick.
houses should be worshipped with heaps of leaves along with fruits. Having
kindled fire after the rise of the moon, one should worship Rudra, moon, Uma,
Skanda, two Nasatyas and Nandi, each one separately with water of
honour (argha), garlands and eatable offerings.
394. Then Nikumbha
should be worshipped with Krsara (rice mixed with pulse). Men possessed
of horses should worship Revanta, the son of Aditya.
possessing cows should worship Surabhi and those who have got goats should
should worship the god (Varuna), the lord of waters, and those who own
elephants should worship the lord of the Ganas.
performed sacrifice in the fire amd having worshipped the best Brahmanas,
one should worship one's ownself and eat vegetarian food in the company
of friends, servants, wife, children etc.
398. That night
should be passed by men in the vicinity of fire, amidst all sorts of vocal
and instrumental music mingled with the sound of conches.
king, (that night) should be passed with good dramatic performances. Then,
early in the morning, the persons - well anointed and well adorned - should
perform fire-worship and the ceremony of touching auspicious things.