1-1001-2. Having paid
homage to the god Hari - the abode of Sri, the giver of boons, the highest
lord, the master of three worlds, the finder of cow (earth), the imperishable
and the unchangeable - the honourable king Janamejaya, the supporter of
the family of Pariksita, asked Vyasa's pupil Vaisampayana.
(said): "Kings of various countries - the great heroes - came to the great
Bharata war of my forefathers.
4-5. Say, why
did not the king of Kas'mira come there ? Why was that king not chosen
by the sons of Pandu and Dhrtarastra? The region of Kas'mira, of course,
occupies an important place in the world.
(said): "Accompanied by his four-fold armies (the king of Kas'mira) went
to the Svayamvara to fight with Madhava, the son of Vasudeva.
7. A fight
between him and the wise Vasudeva took place there as had taken place between
Naraka and Vasudeva.
he was thrown down by Vasudeva in that good combat. Out of respect for
that country, Vasudeva coronated his pregnant queen, so that the posthumous
son might rule.
she gave birth to a male child who was named Gonanda. Being a child, he
was brought neither by the Pandavas nor by the Kauravas."
(spoke): "O best among the twice-born, why did the high-minded Vasudeva
honour (so much) the country that he himself coronated a woman ?"
12- 13. Vaisampayana
(said): "O best amongst the kings, the goddess Uma is the same as Kas'mira.
What was formerly, an enjoyable, heart-enrapturing lake for six Manvantaras
since the beginning of the Kalpa, became a beautiful territory in this
with rows of rice-fields, fully thriving and endowed with good fruits etc.,
inhabited by the people who perform sacrifices and are engaged in self-study
and contemplation - virtuous ascetics well-versed in the Vedas and the
Vedangas - by highly prosperous Ksatriyas adept in (the use of) all the
arms and weapons, by Vaisyas engaged in (earning) the means of livelihood,
and by gudras serving the twice-born, it is bedecked with the temples of
the gods and all the holy places, and is auspicious.
17. 0 protector
of men ! all the sacred places, which are on the earth, are there. Thronged
with the hermitages of the sages ( it is ) pleasant in heat and cold and
by the enemy-kingdoms, ignorant of the fears born of them, rich in cows,
horses. elephants etc. it is devoid of the fear of famines.
19. Not dependent
on rains, enjoyable, holy, beneficial for living beings, endowed with the
qualities (of producing) all grains, it is devoid of dangers and is thickly
of the grace like that of a temple due to the (presence of) tender ladies,
it is devoid of evil serpents, tigers, buffaloes and bears.
full of festivals, twangings of the bows and the sounds of the Vedic recitals,
it is crowded with ever- sportive men and is surrounded by ever happy persons.
22. Full of
gardens and pleasure-groves and resounding with the sounds of drums and
lutes, it is always crowded with people fond of drinks and is dear to the
hearts of good men.
23. Laden with
various types of flowers, fruits, trees, creepers and medicinal herbs,
it is full of hosts of wild beasts and is enjoyed by the Siddhas and the Caranas.
24-25. O controller
of the enemies, the holy region of Kas'mira is possessed of all the sacred
places. There are sacred lakes of the Nagas and the holy mountains; there
are holy rivers and also the holy lakes; there are highly sacred temples
and also the hermitages attached to them. .
26. In the
center flows, making as it were the parting of the hair, the Vitasta -
the highest goddess visibly born of the Himalaya."
(asked): "O Twice-born, how did that which was a pure lake in former Manvantaras,
become a province in Vaivasvata (Manvantara) ?"
(replied): "O best of the kings, once in olden days, the excellent king
Gonanda enquired the same point from Brhadasva after worshipping him who
had reached there in the course of a pilgrim's journey".
(asked): 'There did not exist, in the previous Manvantaras, this country
named Kas'mira How did it come into being in Vaivasvata Period ?'
'The passage of the sun through one sign of the zodiac is called a solar
month. Two months should be known as a season and three seasons as an Ayana.
Similarly, two Ayanas make one year and O king, the years, numbering four
lacs and thirty two thousands, make Kaliyuga. Twice as much as this, O
king, is Dvapara. Thrice-multiplied is Treta and four times multiplied
should be known as Krta.
34. Of seventy
one Caturyugas is called one Manvantara here.
35. At the
end of that Manvantard, all the movable, and immovable creations on the
earth are destroyed completely.
36-38. 0 lord
of the carth, this whole world then turns into a sea. The mountains Himavat,
Hemakuta, Nisadha, Nila, gveta, Srngavat, Meru, Malyavat, Gandhamadana, Mahendra, Malaya,
Sahya, guktimat, Rksavat, Vindhya and Pariyatra are not
destroyed. The whole of the rest of Jambudvipa is effaced completely.
39. Then, after
the destruction of this world, the lord Mahadeva himself, in the form of
water, stays all around this world.
40-41. At that
time, the goddess Sati assumes the form of a boat and the future Manu,
through magical power, places all the seeds in that (boat). Having assumed
the form of a fish, Visnu - the father of the world - drags off that boat
by means of (His) horn.
42. 0 protector
of the earth, the God, having drawn off the boat, fastens that to the top
of that mountain and goes to an unknown state.
43. 0 king,
see in this western region, this mountain-peak called Naubandhana, holy
and destroyer of sins and fears.
44. 0 controller
of the enemies, when the period equal to hat of Krta passes away, then
Manu brings about the reation of beings as before.
goddess Sati, with the body in the form of the boat, becomes the earth
and on that earth comes into being a lake of clear water, known as Satidesa,
six Yojanas long and half of that in breadth, enjoyable, heart-enrapturing,
and the sporting-place of the gods.
47. Deep like
the sky, bright with lotuses containing cool and clear water, it is the
most charming (lake) on the whole earth.
48-49. 0 king,
at the approach of this Vaivasvata Manvantara, Daksa gave his thirteen
daughters to Kasyapa, the son of Marica.
O best of the
kings, listen to their names from me. The sons of Aditi are the gods and
those of Diti are the Daityas.
50. (The son)
of Danayusa is Vrtra and (the sons) of Surabhi are the Bhadras. The Yaksas
and the Raksasas are regarded to be the sons of Khasa.
is the son of Ira; ten Gayanas are ( the sons) of Prava and the celestial
host of the Apsaras is born of Muni.
52. The Kalakalpas
and the Kalakeyas are regarded to be the sons of Kala. The Danavas are
the sons of Danu, and of Krodha are born ten daughters.
53. 0 king,
the Nagas are the sons of Kadru, and Garuda and Aruna - the best among
the birds - are the two sons of Vinata.
54. Kadru and Vinata, jealous of each other were, as was destined, always at daggers
seeing the horse Uccaihs'ravas born of the water, Vinata pronounced that
to be white, while Kadru, bent on doing mischief, said to Vinata "I, by
all means regard that horse as possessed of black hair." O lord of the
earth, then both of them betted complete slavery of each other with reference
to that horse. Persuaded thus by Kadru (her) sons did the same.
both of them saw that excellent horse as black-haired, and Kadru said to
beautiful Vinata, "You have been won over".
glorious and highly strong Garuda rescued Vinata who had been won over
as a slave, by bringing Soma from Indra.
60. From Indra
he obtained the boon of eating the Nagas. He ate up the Pannagas as a consequence
of their enemity to his mother.
61. While the
Nagas were being eaten by the high-minded Garuda, Vasuki sought the protection
of Janardana, the god of the gods.
said: "Salutation to you, O unfathomable supreme god ! Salutation to you,
O holder of bow, mace and sword in your hands ! Salutation to you, the
destroyer of the Danavas ! Salutation to you praised by the lotus-born
to you engaged in good of the world ! Salutation to you, the pleaser of
Indra ! Salutation to you, the giver of boons to the devotees ! Salutation
to you, the demonstrator of the right path.
64-65. I have
approached the god possessed of a beautiful colour like the lustre of the
fully bloomed blue lotus, clad in two garments lihe the glowing gold, sinless,
worthy of being solicited, having lotus-like feet placed in (the lap of)
the daughter of the sea, highest, earliest and eternal. I prostrate myself
with devotion to that first god.
66. You lie
on Sesa's pure hood variegated with thousand jewels of rows of the heads.
Thinking about the good and evil of the whole world, O god, protect me
67. O infinite,
the lord of the birds, possessed of highly fierce and dreadful speed, is
destroying my family rapidly. O praised by the excellent sages, you check
that Tarksya whose strength is like that of the wind. Protect me today".
(said): The venerable god said to Vasuki who was agitated with fear: "O
possessed of unparalleled strength, you along with the pious Nagas may
dwell in the country of Sati, in the sky-like lake of holy water.
70. The enemy
of the serpents shall not kill those serpents who will make their abode
in that lake.
71. O lord
of the Nagas, my mount - the enemy of the Nagas - shall not kill him who,
with his abode in the country of Sati, dwells unthreatened from all sides.
72. O highly
fortunate one, coronate Nila in the kingdom of those highly strong Nagas
who shall dwell in the country of Sati."
did as was stated by the god of gods. Then there remained no fear of Garuda
for the Nagas who stayed there.
74. O best
among the kings, the lotus-eyed Indra accompanied by Paulomi was sporting
once on the bank of that lake.
by Time (i.e. Death) a Daitya-chief named Sangrha who was exceedingly difficult
of being conquered, came there while Indra was sporting.
76. The semen
of that (demon) who had seen Saci, was discharged in that reservoir of
water. Mad, due to being subject to passion and desirous of carrying away
the year was over in that fight against Indra. The fight between both of
them - Indra and Sangraha - continued for one year.
killed him at the end of the year, the god Indra received honour from the
gods and went to heaven while being worshipped by those who have their
abodes in heaven.
79. A child
was born in the waters out of that evil-minded Sam. graha's discharged
semen which had fallen in that lake.
80. Due to
compassion, the Nagas brought up that child in the waters. As he was born
in the water so he was called Jalodbhava (water-born ).
propitiated the god Pitamaha with penance, he obtained from him a (triple)
boon, viz, immortality in the water, magical power and unparalleled prowess.
obtained the magical power, that Daitya- chief devoured the human beings
who lived in various countries near that lake, viz., the inhabitants of
Darvabhisara, Gandhara and Juhundara, the Sakas, the Khasas, the Tanganas,
the Mandavas, the Madras and the inhabitants of Antargiri and Bahirgiri.
by that sinner, they fled away in fear from the country and he roamed fearlessly
in those desolate lands.
85. At this
very time, the venerable sage Kas'yapa travelled over the whole earth in
connection with holy pilgrimage.
86-97. In this
holy Bharatavarsa - the giver of the reward of good and evil - (he visited
) auspicious Puskara, difficult of access and giver of the world of Brahma,
Prayaga, teeming with sacrifices and destroyer of all sins, Kuruksetra,
the field of piety, Naimisa, the destroyer of sins, Hayasirsa, the holy
abode of high souled Fathers, the celestial Carankata, the remover of all
sins, the holy Varaha mountain, the holy Pancanada, Kalanjana along with Gokarna, Kedara along with
Mahalaya, Badhirasrama, the holy abode of Narayana, Sugandha, Satakumbha,
Kalikasrama, Sakambhari, Lalitika, Saligrama, Prthudaka, Suvarnaksa, Rudrakoti,
Prabhasa, Sagarodaka, Indramarga, Matanga-vapi,
the destroyer of sins, the holy Agastyasrama, Tandulikas'rama, the holy
Jambumarga, the holy Varanasi, the holy goddess Ganga, daughter of Jahnu
and girdle of the sky, Yamuna, the destroyer of the noose of Yama, the
swift-flowing gatadru, the Sarayu, possessed of the sacrificial posts,
the goddess Sarasvati, the Godavari, the Vaitarani, the Gomati, the Bahuda,
the Vedasmrti, the Asi along with the Varna, the Tamravarnotpalavati, the
Sipra along with the Narmada, the gona, the great river Parosni, the Iksumati,
the Saratta, the Durga, the gatasila, the Kaveri, the Brahmani, the Gauri,
the Kampana the Tamasa, Gangasagara Sandhi and Sindhu sagarasangama.
98-99. 0 king,
(he visited also) the Bhrgutunga, the Visala, Kubjamra, the Raivataka,
Kus'avarta at Gangadvara, Bilvaka, the mountain Nila, the holy place Kanakhala
and other sacred places.
heard that Kas'yapa was on a religious tour, Nila - the king of the serpents
- went to the sacred place Kanakhala for seeing him.