201-300201-204. O lord
of kings and controllerof enemies, Janardana Hari, having got erected such
establishment of S'ambhu and the goddess (Parvati) in that pose, made his
abode on the head of Jalodbhava. O lion among men, the sages, the gods,
the Nagas, the Gandharvas, the hosts of the heavenly maidens, all came
there at the head of Jalodbhava to see this (statue) in which both Kesava
and S'iva - the destroyers of all sins - are represented and to see Janardana,
the god of gods who erected the divine image.
the chief gods, sages and Nagas had taken their seats, Kas'yapa, standing
in front with joined hands, said to the boon-giver Visnu, "O god, let this
country be inhabited by human beings and be holy as well as charming."
When Kas'yapa had spoken thus, the Nagas uttered these words:
best among the sages, we would not live in the Company of men." Then Prajapati
Kas'yapa certainly became angry and said to them, "As you speak audaciously;
without paying regard to my words, so you shall have to dwell in the company
of the Pisacas. There is no doubt here.
having spoken thus, Nila said with joined hands, "O Brahman, they are overpowered
by anger and know nothing".
210-212. Then Kas'yapa, the most pious sage, spoke to him, "In the centre of the Sea
of Sand, there is an oasis six yojanas long. There dwell highly terrible
Pis'acas belonging to the side of the Daityas. Nikumbha - the noble and
strong lord of the Pisacas - has been appointed by Kubera for keeping them
in check. Every time in the month of Caitra, he along with many Pisacas
goes to fight.
are five crore Pis'acas who are the followers of Nikumbha. Nikumbha goes
along with them and fights continuously (against the evil-minded Pisacas)
for six months. Of the evil-minded Pisacas, too, there live only five crores.
215. O Nila,
those who exceed ten crores on both the sides are destroyed every time,
in the period of six months.
216. Due to
the favour of the god (Kubera), the mighty Nikumbha, along with his five
crore (followers), comes again everytime on the bright fifteenth of As'vayuj.
six months he lives happily on the Himacala. From today I have allotted
to him a dwelling-place here for six months (of each year). You shall have
to live here for six months with him along with his armies and for six
months, after his departure, in the company of men."
thus, the pious Nila said to his father, "We are ready to live always in
the company of men. We would not live with the Pisacas who are cruel and
who like cruelty." When Nila the Naga-chief spoke thus, Visnu said :
221. "O Nila,
the words of the sage will be effective for one Caturyuga (i.e. four aeons).
After that you will live~ in the company of men only.
222. Here the
Pisacas will always become weak. Endowed with strength, they will go, to
the Sea of Sand for six months.
men will worship the Naga in whose territory they shall dwell, with flowers,
incense, ointments, eatable offerings, incenses of various types and excellent
gifts of dramatic performances.
men in this country, who will follow the good customs laid down by you,
will be endowed with animals and grains.
is called Ka, and Kasyapa is also Prajapati. Built by him this country
will be called Kas'mira.
water called Ka was taken out by Balarama (the plough-wielder) from this
country, so this will be called Kas'mira in this world.
228-229. O Naga, because Kas'mira is the same as Uma so - She - nourished by me, celebrated
as Vis'oka and assuming the form of a woman shall dwell at Vrddhatirtha.
230. O Naga,
at that sacred place there shall always be the dwelling-place of Vasuki,
the king of the Nagas. Worship him who lives there.
231. O chief
of the Nagas, that lord of the kings of the Nagas is a part of my ownself.
He who disobeys his order meets destruction at my hand.
232-233. O Naga, the dwelling of the Nagas is the city named Bhogavati. Having become
a Yogi that Naga-chief (Vasuki) dwells there as well as here. But with
his primary body, Vasuki, protecting the Nagas, shall live in Bhogavati.
O sinless one, you (also) dwell here constantly."
said so, Visnu then went on his desired course. The gods, the sages, the Nagas, and the Gandharvas went away as they had come.
then, the country is inhabited for six months (of the year), by human beings
belonging to various countries, and for six months by the eaters of raw
236. O chief
of the kings, having collected rice, grains etc. the human beings go away
after taking permission and came back always on (the full-moon day of) Caitra.
king, pleased to see Kasnura thus populated, Kas'yapa worshipped the god
S'ankara and induced the goddess Uma to purify this country by the gift
of water. She - the in destroying one - is renowned as the river Vitasta.
worshipped the god Kesava, he induced Laksmi to purify this country. She
is glorified as Vis'oka.
by Kas'yapa, Aditi, the mother of the gods also, having become the river
named Trikoti, flows in this country.
by Kas'yapa, Saci also, who is the wife of Indra, became in this country,
Harsapatha, by name the destroyer of sins.
following the advice of the sage, became (the river) Candravati. The goddess
Yamuna gave her own Drtion to the Vitasta.
by the order of Kas'yapa, the mothers of the gods and the demons and the
holy wives of the gods assumed the forms of rivers.
244. O lord
of the earth, then, due to the advice of Kas'yapa, the sacred waters, the
oceans and the rivers went to Kas'mira and her vicinity.
245. O lord
of the kings, thus, on the arrival of Vaivasvata Antara, the highly meritorious
and beautiful wife of Hara was born as Kas'mira.
continuous welfare, you should regard the king Kasmira as born of a portion
of Hara and never disobey him.
(spoke): "How did Sati, Saci, Ganga, Aditi, Yamuna, Diti and the goddess
Karisini obtain the forms of rivers here?"
(said): "Once the glorified goddesses went to see Kas'yapa. The venerable
sage Kas'yapa induced them there (thus).
249. The beautiful
country named Kas'mira has been created by me. O possessed of pure smiles,
cherish that (country) by gift of water.
250. Aditi, Diti, Saci and the river Ganga said,"Let it be so" but neither Uma nor
251. Then he
worshipped S'ankara for (inducing) Sati, Hara thereafter said to his wife:
"Do as has been said by Kas'yapa."
252. The goddess
then spoke to the sage. "That country being my own body is already purified.
What is to be done by me there ?"
(said): "As the human beings are always associated with Pis'achas there,
so their intellect does not always diverge from sin.
in all countries, possessed of evil practices and covered with impurities
255. O beautiful
faced, their sin can be allayed by you alone, as the sin committed in this
land is regarded to be very weighty by me.
( said): After knowing this fact, the goddess, having a face beautiful
like the moon and possessed of great compassion, said to her lord:
father of the world, I shall assume the form of a river in the Nether World.
Make a stroke with your spear near the abode of Nila, where, O lord, while
breaking the mountain, was (placed) the point of the plough. By that stroke
of the spear I shall come out of the Nether World and shall follow the
way made with the plough up to the place where thereis the great river Sindhu." The god Hara (accordingly) did this and so did lhe beautiful Sati.
himself named her as Vitasta. Because Hara had excavated with the spear
a ditch measuring one Vitasti, through which the good river - gone to the
Nether World - had come out, so she was given the name Vitasta by Svayambhu.
O king, the people in all the countries heard that the goddess Sati, after
assuming the form of a river, had appeared in Kas'mira.
the people, possessed of great sins, came to have bath in that (river).
Being afraid of them, she went away quickly from that way excavated by
means of spear to the Nether world. Propitiating her, Kas'yapa again brought
her out near Pancahasta.
forth from the abode of the Naga Pancahasta, she had covered a distance
of one gavyuti only when an ungrateful person, verily, saw her.
by an ungrateful one, she again disappeared. Persuaded once more by the
sayings of Kas'yapa, the best of the rivers allowed her person to be seen
at a distance of a Kros'a from that Cakra. Then seen by one who had illicit
relation with a friend's wife, she again disappeared.
268. By the
word of Kas'yapa and praised by thousands of Brahmanas, the beautiful river
was brought out at the hermitage of Narasimha.
at a distance of one Krosa, the great river, seen by a Brahmana-killer,
vanished at once and then Kas'yapa said to her:
to you, O daughter of the king of mountains; salutation to you, loved by
the best sages; salutation to you, the giver of boons, worthy of being
solicited and possesed of sacred character by association with Hara.
271-72. O goddess
- devoid of impurities and grief, having holy and cool water, with the
banks approached by the frolicsome wives of the gods, embraced by the twice-born
and the gods - afraid of whom you are running away, those very men - devoid
of all sins and shining with great lustre - surround you.
273. O goddess,
just as a thing burnt in the fire gets purity, so is the purity (obtained
) from your sight. All sins become purified in the same way. O great goddess,
be favourable !
274. O great
river, you have been requested for the purification of the sinners, so
purify the sins. O swiftly going one, do not go out of sight."
thus with devotion of the high-minded Kas'yapa, the goddess spoke to Kas'yapa
who was speaking in that way.
do not dare purify those who are associated with too much of sin. For this
implore Laksmi, the beloved of the bowholder (i.e. Visnu). She is capable
of purifying even the three worlds. Aditi, Diti, the great river Ganga
and all other rivers do not bear any comparison to her. Request today only
Laksmi - the beloved of Kes'ava."
said to Laksmi. "O goddess go, do not be late." Addressed thus by Kesava,
Laksmi - filled with grief - spoke this sentence: "O Lord, Sati has already
gone there. She will, verily, take away the credit of me who shall go afterwards.
her full of grief, Kas'yapa spoke again. You are the supreme power appearing
in various forms.
283-84. O goddess,
daughter of the sea, devoid of dust, holy, abode of auspiciousness, it
is you who are Kas'mira, it is you who are glorified as Uma, it is you
who, O goddess, are living in the forms of all goddesses.
285. The water
of the Vitasta, mixed with your water, may be such as is the honey mixed
with nectar. Bathed in your water, even the sinners become free at once
and are purified."
by Kasyapa, she became devoid of grief. The giver of boons, (she) thought,
"I must act according to the words of my lord and of the sage. Certainly,
there is no use of my thinking. Having assumed the form of a river she
went quickly. Kas'mira spoke:
soon before Sati reaches here to wait for you. O beautiful one, purify
(this) country with water before she purifies it first. You will get a
good name." Having heard her words she became griefless.
290. That river,
therefore is always called Vis'oka (Griefless) by the people. Kasmira,
whose speed is like that of the mind, also told (everything) to the goddess
listened to the activities of Laksmi, Sati, who had heard all the details,
became pleased and stood waiting in the way near the hermitage of Dhaumya.
too, afterwards, came through the hole of Akhu as it was vacant and saw
Vitasta who was standing in front.
293. O chief
of the kings, Viskoa - freed of all jealousy on seeing Vitasta - joined
her. Then Vitasta, who had reached there first, appropriated her name.
294-96. O lord,
then angry Visolca cursed Kas'mira, "O wicked one, as I have been absorbed
by you today by means of falsehood and you have informed Sati about my
activities, so your people will be mostly liars, possessed of impurities,
hired servants and dishonoured in the worlds.
297. As regards
taking away of my prestige by Sati, there is no humiliation to me as the
goddess Sati, O Kas'mira, undoubtedly is the same as I.
298. Then the
best among the rivers, namely Sati accompanied by Laksmi, went slowly through
the way made with the plough, purifying the people.
the mother of the gods celebrated as Trikoti, joined the goddess Vitasta.
300. O king,
then (joined) Saci, the wife of Indra, named as river Harsapatha, and Diti,
the mother of Daityas, Chandravati by name.