Some Famous Songs with Text and Notation
The first line begins with the prayer to Lord Ganesha for His
benign grace. Blessings, for the occasion are expected from goddess Bhavani. The
next line describes about the Kanyadaan being performed by the father and
offerings received by the Brahmins on the occasion of girl's marriage.
Notation: (Raga Des)
This marriage chorus is sung by Muslim women at the time of
girl's marriage. The lines are addressed to the bridegroom who is arriving.
These lines imply that the jeep in which the bridegroom is coming is made of
gold and its handle is made of iron. The groom seems to be looking like the 'Tehsildaar'
(the Tehsildaar held the position of the king of the area). He is coming from
the jungle. Next line gives the description of his shoes and pants. He is
looking gorgeous and has been enchanted by the beauty of the fairy, i.e. the
Notation: (Raga Todi)
This folk song is sung at the time of marriage and yagnopavit.
The love and affection of the mother-in-law for her daughter-in-law is shown in
these lines. The mother-in-law wants to gift various gold ornaments to her
daughter-in-law and calls her a nightingale, out of affection.
The lad is affectionately addressed as the 'Parrot', who has
been taken to the river after the yagnopavit.
This is 'RUF'. The lady is showing utter sacrifice for the
lost lover. He has gone to some far-off country. If he continues to do so then
she will forgo all social traditions and follow him wherever he is. She has
sacrificed her entire youth for his sake.
The song is sung by small girls while playing. The love of
brother and sister is reflected in this song. The brother has disappeared. The
sister asks other friends, if any one of them has seen her brother.
The dead person is praised for his achievements while living.
The first line perhaps implies that the child is a priceless
gift of God, which has put the mother to shame, i.e. she feels overwhelmed by
his bounty. This song embodies a mixture of many shades of thought and
feeling-Sufi mysticism, fondling of the child by the mother and attitude to
The mother addresses the darling child that he is as precious
for her as the earring hanging in her ear. She will make him swing in the cradle
and the cradle will swing like a lady's ear ring.
Notation: (Raga Bilawal)
The song depicts the reaction of the public in Kashmir on
seeing the aeroplane for the first time.
These lines depict the agony of a young lady whose lover has
gone away. The background shows various plants, trees and water-falls where she
is giving vent to such feelings and also refers to the taunts she has to bear
from another lady in her man's life. The 'Parrot' has been used as a metaphor
for the lover.
Notation: (Raga Jaijaiwanti)
This song is sung at the time of girl's marriage. The
enthusiasm of the girl at the time of the arrival of the bridegroom is depicted
in these lines. She is addressing her friends that her early youth has been full
of excitement and fervour and the day has finally come when the bridegroom is
The song is romantic. The lover has been separated from the
beloved, who has since been shedding tears and listening to the taunts given by
the 'other lady' of the man. The value of the lover for the beloved is as
precious as the pearl garland.
Notation: (Raga Des)
The mistress is addressing her friend "Tell him of me, O
friend nymph! We would join friendship. Bring Him here. Tell Him of me. Bring
Him here. I would offer my lamentation to Him."
Lover is addressing the beloved "come O Beloved Join
friendship with me. For thy love, my love is lamenting."
Notation: (Raga Durga)