Greater Autonomy to the
the present Government persists with their present approach, they will
make future of Kashmir extremely dark and uncertain)
to Kashmir in the present situation would be getting into a trap because
neither fundamentalists nor Pakistan will be satisfied with this. It will
definitely strengthen the separatist mentality in the state.
Director General of Border Security Force
The move of
granting greater autonomy would not only increase Pakistani interference
into Kashmir but would also put Jammmuites to the "Yoke" of Kashmiris.
If there was any need of this autonomy, only Kashmir be given this course
leaving aside Jammu and Ladakh regions.
Jammu Mukti Morcha
body of All India Kashmiri Pandit Conference opposes autonomy criticising
Harkrishan Singh Surjeet and Farooq Abdullah.
autonomy is granted to one state on the basis of religious considerations
no one can check such like autonomy to many other states. This will lead
to balkanization of the country.
Pakistan was the result of such like thinking and if Jinnah had pleaded
his case of two nations theory based on religion, the leaders of National
Congress and their pseudo-secular supporters are pleading for special status
for Kashmir on similar basis and thus, giving birth to three nation theory.
Prof. C.L.Gupta (M.P.)
Vaidya Vishnu Dutt, Pradesh Chief of the Bharatiya Janta Party took strong exception
to the policy of the new Prime Minister Mr. Gowda with regard to grant
of "the maximum degree of autonomy" instead of bringing the state under
the proposed move of the central government to review the centre-state
relations in accordance with the recommendations of Sarkaria Commission.
Kashmir was already enjoying special status under Article 370 of the Indian
Constitution. Autonomy is already there.
Ghulam Mohd. Shah
Chief Minister & President Awami National Conference
Any such retrograde
step (Greater Autonomy) shall invite a violent reaction from the people
of Jammu and Ladakh. The autonomy will make the future of the state "more
uncertain" and invite more interference from Pakistan and other international
Minister Indrajit Gupta was accused of sending wrong signals to the militants
in J&K instead of crushing militancy by BJP Pradesh leader in Rural
areas of Jammu while addressing people.
noted New Delhi based journalist (An excerpt):
It is tragic
most of the Indian politicians consider themselves experts on Kashmir despite
the fact that none of them had, over the years, bothered to have an in-depth
study of men and matters in Kashmir and the Constitution of India and Constitution
of J&K. And Mr. Mulayam Singh Yadav is one among them. Within days
of taking over as India's Defence Minister, Mr. Yadav suddenly undertook
the task of resolving the Kashmir crisis.
Both Mr. Deve
Gowda and Mr. Yadav should know that Article 370 was specially meant to
be a temporary provision. This article limited the powers of Parliament
to make laws about matters detailed in the Union List and Concurrent List
of the Constitution.
remaining within the framework of the Indian Constitution the J&K,
state virtually attained all autonomous status not enjoyed by any other
state of the Indian Union. However, the Constitution makers envisaged the
day when the need of the temporary provision would end and the Article
In a letter
to the Prime Minister Mr. Surrinder Kumar Singla, Senior Congress Rajya
Sabha member said that he was shocked to read the Defence Minister, Mr.
Mulayam Singh Yadav's statement about the "total autonomy" to J&K,
including the Government's intention of tabling a legislation on this issue
on the forthcoming session of Parliament.
perceptions of the parties comprising the UF Government notwithstanding
the statements of top leaders on the autonomy issue have not only evoked
confusion, but exposed the ignorance of those interested in granting more
autonomy to the state.
On one side
of the political spectrum, the National Conference, headed by Dr. Farooq
Abdullah, has demanded pre-1953 position. This would have the direct control
of the centre on Defence, Foreign Affairs and Communications, the rest
being left to the whims and fancies of the local rulers. The demand in
simple terms is an attempt to regain the state administrative set-up as
a fiefdom for the select few, in the state.
of the National Conference ignoring the emergence of new political forces
in the state and entails reversion to a position wherein institutions like
the Supreme Court, the Election Commission and Comptroller and Auditor
General (CAG) will have no role in Kashmir.
dangerous dimensions of the NC demand, particularly in terms of negating
the democratic rights of the Kashmiri populace (which, over the years,
have been protected by national institutions) one may ask a simple question:
Does the National Conference have an absolute right to speak for the 'aspirations
of the people of the state'? That, too, when the support-base of the NC
has been considerably eroded in recent years.
On the other
hand of the spectrum, stands the surprise announcement of the Defence Minister
Mulayam Singh Yadav that the UF Government was prepared to enact a law
in Parliament to ensure greater autonomy to the state. Never mind that
the announcement does not spell out the parameters of the autonomy on a
wide range of issues linked with the special status of J&K state.
Convener of Jammu Autonomy Front, has cautioned the United Front Government
that any decision on the change of Constitutional Status of the state is
unlikely to be acceptable to the people of Jammu in which their leaders
are not a party and till identity and autonomy of their region are not
(Excerpt from the editorial):
or minimum is something that strictly falls within the competence of State
Assembly. Article 370 guarantees autonomous status to the state. As long
as Article 370 is there in the statute book any talk of maximum or minimum
autonomy is superfluous exercise. In this context the envisaged resolution
to be moved in Parliament is influctuous. Surely. constitution is supreme
and Parliament has lower order. Under Article 370 state assembly can seek
more autonomy or removal of the laws already extended to the state. This
is the law. Once state has its own constitution Mulayam Singh or anybody
in the ruling hierarchy cannot temper with it unilaterally. We expect country's
Defence Minister to read the J&K history thoroughly. The laws already
extended to the state went through the normal channels of State Assembly.
If the process is to be reversed, it has to be in the same order.
The next poser
regarding autonomy pertains to its acceptability. For all we know it was
not the issue in the recently concluded Lok Sabha polls. People voted overwhelmingly
for Joining the mainstream. JD is direct beneficiary of such favourable
tilt towards national parties in preference to independents and regional
ones as it won Anantnag Lok Sabha seat which it lost Srinagar by a very
narrow margin of 1600 votes even as it logged good votes in other constituencies.
Surely this favourable verdict was not based on maximum autonomy but for
peace and normalcy. Further, Congress Party with 140 MPs has already disputed
this course even as it is strongly opposed by BJP. According to PCC(I)
such courses would wipe out Congress base in Jammu even as it is no more
a salable theme in valley as far as people are concerned. The people of
Jammu and Ladakh regions are in no mood to tolerate any more hegemony of
Kashmir region over them and to that extent the issue is confined to appeasing
some odd leader or outfit purely for party gains. Other parties having
more stakes in J&K surely won't take it lying down.
A map of
Islamic state in India
In 1983 a
map of Islamic state of Kashmir was distributed in Srinagar. declaring
that henceforth no Kafir will be allowed to remain in the valley and it
will be run on Islamic Lines. It was brought to the notice of I.B. and Smt. Indira Gandhi in person. This objective has now been achieved by the
terrorists. Kashmir is there but sans-Hindu.
LLB., M.A, Ph.D, D.Litt.
& H.O.D of Hindi & Sanskrit, Kashmir University.