Men, Matters and Memories - Downtown Srinagar
By Shamboo Nath Gurkha
the pre-Independence era the city of Srinagar, was described by its inhabitants
as ‘City of Seven bridges.’
The bridges were Amirakadal, Habbakadal,
Fateh Kadal, Zainakadal, Alikadal, Nawakadal and Safakadal. The area between
Fatehkadal and Safakadal has its own uniqueness. It houses important historical
places and was the hub of social, political and business activities.
On the two banks of river Jehlum (Vitasta) at
Ali Kadal stood two grand residential buildings owned by Kaul brothers -
Hara kaul and Pt. Prakash Kaul.
Their father Ram Kaul1 was a man of ordinary
means and could barely look after the needs of the family. He supplemented his
meagre income by undertaking the job of ‘Paniyur’ (water carrier). He would
carry water from river in earthern pitchers and supply it to the families of
rich people in his neighbourhood.
Birth of his son Pt. Hara Kaul brought change in
his luck. When Hara Kaul grew of adolescence age he started his own business as
a banker. He would lend money on interest even to the govt. He built a huge
fortune of Rs 12 lacs. Pt. Ram Kaul invested this fortune in real estate,
purchasing innumerable houses (some say 614) in and around the Srinagar city.
Maharaja Pratap Singh, who ruled the state,
issued a fiat that Pt. Ram Kaul should not be allowed to purchase any more
house. Soon the two Kaul brothers, Hara Kaul and Prakash Kaul were involved in a
dispute over business and property. They sought the intervention of the court.
One of the parties engaged the services of Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, the leading
jurist of the time. A houseboat for his stay was provided at Ganderbal and a car
was kept at his disposal. In those times the only two people to own cars in
Kashmir were Maharaja Pratap Singh and Pt. Ram Kaul. Sir Tej Bhadur Sapru was
paid Rs 500 daily during his stay at Srinagar.
Pt. Amar Nath Kak, elder brother of Sh. RC Kak,
was a close relation of Prakash Kaul. He had passed his graduation but was
unemployed. Prakash paid Kak Rs 600 for purchasing Law books. Though Kak was not
a qualified lawyer yet he represented his relation.
Subsequently, he was to emerge as a successful
and competent lawyer. Protracted litigation ruined Kaul brothers. They had to
sell virtually the whole moveable/immovable property. Meanwhile Prakash’s elder
son after passing his graduation started his own business under the title
M/S Prakash Seed Farm.
The seed business worked well and brought the family huge profits. The family
purchased the palatial bungalow of M/s Cock Burn Agency situated at Kothi Bagh.
He shifted the office and residence to this new building.
Pt. Hara kaul had a son, Pt. Sona Kaul. The
latter’s son Pt. Madsudan Kaul after doing his MBBS from Calcutta started his
own practice in Srinagar. A successful doctor Pt. Madsudan would never charge
consultation fees from his neighbours. He had great humility. Subsequently, he
joined the State Health Department, retiring as Assistant Supdt. of SMHS
Another scion of the Kaul clan was Pt. Srikanth
Kaul who later was elected as a member of the State Assembly. He also worked as
general secretary of Santan Dharam Yuvak Sabha and President Red cross at
Pt. Ram Kaul had built a temple at Mahraj Ganj
on the bank of River Jehlum. His cousin Pt. Amarchand Kaul constructed a temple
at Hari Parbat near the Hari.
The numerous mohallas in this era included
Malchimar, Budhgair, Wazapora, Sheikh mohalla, Mohalla Reshi Peer, Batayar,
Rajouri Kadal, Kawdara, Mohalla Usi Sahib. The well known shrine of Usi Sahib is
located between the Aali Kadal Bridge and Batyar ghat on the bank of river
The shrine owes its importance to the story that
the mother of Saint Reshi Peer had darshan of Harmukt Ganga at this place. As
per this account the mother of the saint desired to go on a pilgrimmage to
Gangabal. Old age and deteriorating health forbade her to undertake this risk.
Moved by his mother's desire the saint invoked his spiritual powers. Goddess
Ganga appeared on the day of Ganga Ashtami at the spot where shrine of Usi Sahib
is located. The saint asked his mother to have the dip in the river three times,
telling her that the goddess Ganga had appeared at the spot on his request. The
holy mother had the satisfaction of visiting Ganga (read Gangabal) after taking
In a temple at Batyar ghat there is an old
Shivling. Batyar has been the home of noted Engineer, Pt. Laxman Joo Tickoo. It
was he who had constructed the Banihal-Cart road, linking Srinagar with Jammu.
The mohalla named after the renowned Sufi saint,
Syed Bulbul Shah, is adjacent to Batayar. The palatial bungalow of the leading
Pashimina Trader, Ahmedullah Shahdad is located at Bulbul Lankar on the bank of
Jehlum. His business extended to Central Asia, Yarkand and China. The trader was
a close relation of Sheikh Mohd. Abdullah.
Bulbul Lankar has also been home to leading
educationists - Pt. Shyam Lal Labroo, Pt. Bishamber Nath Trakroo, Pt. Aftab Joo
Wanchoo etc. Sh Wanchoo is also known as biographer of some Kashmiri Saints. Pt.
Shyam Lal Raina, a native of the mohalla, retired as Inspector of Schools in
Himachal Pradesh. The historic temple of Shri Narayan Joo, housing an idol of
Lord Visnu, is also located in the mohalla.
A part of the mohalla is known as Munshi mohalla
after the Munshi clan. The other landmarks – Munshi Yarbal and Munshi Kocha too
are connected with the clan. Ruins of some buildings, probably belonging to the
Munshis are located here on the bank of Nala Mar. Pt. Amar Chand Munshi had been
a high official in the Revenue Department during the reign of Maharaja Hari
Singh. His eldest son too was a high official.
The other notable personalities of Bulbul Lankar
include - Pt. Bishamber Nath Chattoo, an educationist, his nephew, Sh. Kashi
Nath Dulloo, Pt. Bishamber Nath Jyotshi, a high official in state govt, etc.
Padamshri JN Koul, Director SOS had spent his early years in Bulbul lankar at
his aunt's house. Pt. Kashi Nath Dulloo, who died recently used to practise
medicine. He participated actively in community's social life, rising to general
secretary post in SD Yuvak Sabha, Shital Nath. After resigning from Yuvak Sabha
he joined Samaj Sudhar Samiti, Chota Bazar. For a while he remained its general
During the tribal raid many Kashmiri Pandits had
been forcibly converted to Islam. Dulloo was one of the workers who toured the
affected areas under the aegis of Yuvak Sabha to reconvert them to their
Mohalla Kawdara and Malchimar are located near
Bulbul Lankar. The former is famous for its Hak (a green leafy vegetable).
Renowned mystic poet Ahad Zargar hailed from Narwara-Kawdara. Between Kawdara
and Malchimar is the mohalla of Budhgair. The latter derives its name from the
seat of an ancient Vihara which stood here.
Budhgair has remained home to leading families
in the past as well as present. During the reign of Mughals Pt. Narayan Joo Bhan,
it is said, used to go to his office, riding on elephant. He used to wear
diamond neklaces around his neck.
A big (Deodi) gate made of wood used to lead
entrance to his palatial buildings. This had been constructed to allow
unhindered entry to his elephant. The unique gate had been named ‘Bhana deed’
(Gate of Bhans). A huge plot adjacent to his house was called ‘Bhana Bagh’. Such
was the affluence of the family that even the street (Bhana Kocha) and river
front on Nallah Mar (Bhana Yarbal) were named after the clan.
Munificent Mughal Governor had bestowed big
Jagirs to Pt. Narayan Joo Bhan at Nesbal (near Waskur, Sonawari). The ruins of
the Narayan Bhan’s residential buildings stand even to this day.
Pt. Jia Lal Bhan, a direct descendent of Pt.
Narayan Joo Bhan served in Nedous Hotel, Srinagar. Another resident of Budhgair
- Pt. Neel Kanth Teli was also an employee of the same hotel. Sh Narayan Kaul
was a big landlord and an orchardist. His estate was located at Seer Jagir. He
had three sons - Sh Lassa Kak Kaul (retired as Judge), Prem Nath Kaul served as
Ward officer in Srinagar Municipality, while the youngest one was also a govt.
Pt. Dina Nath Fotedar, an eminent educationist
retired as Head Master Hari Singh School, Rainawari. He had done MA, LLB. After
retirement he started practice in local courts. The other prominent citizens of
Budhgair included Prof. TN Bhan, Sh. Moti Lal Jailkhani, Sh. Fera Bhat etc. The
latter was a leading footballer of his time. He was known for hitting the ball
into the goal post right from the centre of the field. Pt. Sarwanand Charagi, BA
LT was a reputed educationist. He has written a biography of Mata Roop Bhawani
and other saints and Mystics.
Another well known personality of Budghair
mohalla was Pt. Shamboo Nath Ogra. He was a reputed social worker. His uncle
Amar Nath Ogra retired as Supdt. Central Jail, Srinagar. Pt. Shyam Lal Razdan,
who edited Urdu daily ‘Sharda’
also belonged to this mohalla. The other
prominent figures included Pt. Jia Lal Moza (Khurdi), his youngest son Pt. Kanya
Lal Moza , Pt. Omkar Nath Trisal, Pt. Kashi Nath Razdan, etc. Late KL Moza was a
leading Trade Unionist and remained Gen. Secretary of All India Postal employees
union. He also headed a NGO
Kalapvrakasha Trust, New Delhi. This
organisation provided books free of cost to the needy among the displaced
members of Kashmiri Pandit community.
Sh Omkar Nath Trisal, who presently heads
All Kashmiri Pandits Solidarity Conference
has been in active politics for more
than six decades. He was a close comrade-in-arms of Pt. Moti Lal Misri, one of
the founders of communist movement in Kashmir. Subsequently, the two joined
National Conference and took active part in ‘Quit Kashmir’ agitation. In 1953
after the dismissal of Sheikh Abdullah few political leaders dared to visit
interiors of the city. It was Pt. Omkar Nath Trisal alongwith Messers Moti Lal
Misri, Ghazi Abdul Rehman, Gh. Ahmed Kichloo and Shaban Gada who led a massive
procession from Bulbulankar to the official residence of Prime Minister Bakshi
Gh. Mohd. It was the first pro-Indian rally after August 9, 1953. The rallyists
shouted slogans - ‘Bharat Mata Ki
Jai’,‘Azad Hindustan Zind-abad’, ‘Hindu Muslim-Sikh Itihad Zindabad’.
This rally boosted the confidence of not only pro-Indian elements in valley but
also the new incumbent in office, Bakshi Gh. Mohd.
Among the Razdan family of Budhgair were Sh.
Kashi Nath, a well known Katib, his younger brothers - Niranjan Nath, an eminent
educationist and Sh. Chaman Lal, who retired as Deputy Controller of Kashmir
University. The latter has authored few books on Bhagwan Gopi Nath. The author
of this writeup too hails from this family. He was given in adoption to Pt.
Shridhar Kaul Gorkha, a resident of the same locality. This writer learnt the
art of Kitabat under the care of his elder brother, Pt. Kashi Nath and went on
to edit several urdu dailies -
Jahan-e-Nau, Vakil, Martand, Bahar-e-Kashmir.
He continues to edit ‘Janat-e-Kashmir’
in Jammu since 1994.
A part of this mohalla was covered in the first
part of this write-up. Other prominent personalities who lived in Bulbul Lankar
included Sh. Moti Lal Misri, a veteran communist leader, Sh. Radha Krishan
Saproo alias 'Raed Chalak', Messers Mohammed Shaban Gada, Ghulam Ahmed Kichloo,
Gazi Abdul Rehman and Bakshi brothers-Amarnath, Janki Nath and Shiv Nath etc.
Late Moti Lal Misri was at one time General
Secretary of the Communist Unit in Kashmir. He was a member of National
Conference. He did not opt for government service and used to practise at
Srinagar High Court. Radhakrishan Saproo retired as Headmaster CMS Middle
School, Nawakadal. Messers Shaban Gada, G.A. Kichloo and Gazi Rehman were senior
NC functionaries and close confidants of Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed, former Chief
Bakshi brothers were high officials in J&K
government during the rule of Maharaja. Pt. Amar Nath Bakshi retired as
Secretary development. In 1947 he had been posted as Wazir Wazarat to
Muzaffarabad. Due to his hospitalisation Mehta Duni Chand had been asked to take
the new assignment. Pt. Janki Nath Bakshi retired as Inspector Customs, a rank
one step below Inspector General. The Customs and Excise Department those days
was directly under the Maharaja. Pt. Shiv Nath Bakshi was P.A. to Chief Justice
of J&K High Court. Pt. Kashi Nath Bakshi, a scion of Bakshi clan has donated
over Rs ten lakhs to different religious and social institutions. This includes
Rs 5 lakh to Ramakrishna Ashram at Udaywala, Jammu. Besides, has helped raise
one room with kitchen and bathroom at Mata Roop Bhawani Ashram at Talab Tillo,
Jammu. Presently, Pt. Kashi Nath Bakshi is putting up at Ramakrishna Ashram at
Chotta Bazar, Srinagar.
This mohalla is named after the great saint,
Reshi Peer who lived here. A prominent personality of this mohalla was Sh. Jia
Lal Saraf, a renowned Sanskrit scholar with great proficiency in Astrology. He
has authored many religious texts. A leading Kathawachak of his times and
gifted with melodious voice Pt. Jia Lal Saraf translated Panchastavi and other
religious books into Kashmiri language. He was involved in his family business
which was run under the title of M/s H.R. Jia Lal and Co. Later on, he
started his own hotel 'Naya Kashmir Hotel' at Lal Chowk, Srinagar. Sh.
Saraf and Pt. Nilakanth Nehru would together go to Hari Parbat on every Saturday
evening and recite bhajans and leelas the whole night in praise of
Mata Sharika. Subsequently, the two parted company. While Sh. Saraf shifted his
venue to Pokhribal, Pt. Nilakanth Nehru continued to go to Chakreshwar.
Two prominent families of Reshipeer mohalla
included those of Reazi and Adalati. Pt. Ramchand Reazi was an eminent
educationist. His son, Sh. Radha Krishan was Science Master at State High
School, Baghe-e-Dilawar Khan, Srinagar. Sh. Laxmi Narayan Tangnoo, a jeweller,
also hailed from this mohalla. His shop 'P.ALLEN' Jewellers was located
at Kothi Bagh, Srinagar.
Pt. Lambodar Nath Tickoo, the first educated
Pandit who took to Tailoring, was son of Sh. Laxman Joo Tickoo, the architect of
BC Road. After graduation Pt. Lambodar went to Bombay to learn tailoring. On
return he started his own shop 'Navyug Tailoring Firm' at Kothi Bagh. He
also launched an Urdu daily 'Navyug' under the editorship of Sh. Nand Lal
Wattal. Due to some reasons the paper had to close down. Pt. Hriday Nath Orga, a
well-known trade union leader, also used to live in this mohalla.
This mohalla is located just close to Ali Kadal
bridge on way to Budhgair and Reshipeer mohallas. Leading personalities of this
mohalla included Mohammed Abdullah Tibet Bakal, a leading Sufiana Musician,
Mufti Qwam-ud-Din, Mufti Azam Kashmir, his nephew Mufti Bashir-ud-Din,
Saif-ud-Din Basoo, a leading wholesale dealer at Maharaj Ganj, Ghulam Hassan
Basoo, former Conservator Forests, Pt. Shamboo Nath Ladakhi, an eminent
Among Pandits Happa, Dudhas and Qazi clans also
lived here. Birbal Qazi was a transporter. Amarnath Happa was an official in
Prime Minister's office during the tenure of Pt. RC Kak. Sh. Ganesh Das Dudha
was a Goldsmith.
This mohalla is adjacent to Budhgair mohalla and
is named after the famous clan 'Buch'. This family has been among the
richest families of Srinagar city. Their trading activities extended to Yarkhand,
Central Asia, Ladakh, etc. The family had built palatial residential buildings.
The bridge and the mohalla stand on the bank of
what was once Nalla Mar, the main waterway of the city. During summers this
canal used to have good water and served as the main artery of transport. 'Behats'
(merchandise boats) and Shikaras used to be a common sight here. 'Behatas'
were used for ferrying essential commodities--Firewood, bricks, stones, timber
etc. to Hazratbal, Naseem Bagh and other adjoining places.
Moulvi Mohammad Yusuf's residential house 'Mirwaiz
Manzil' was situated in this mohalla. Mirwaiz Yusuf Shah had two brothers--Moulvi
Ateequallah and Moulvi Rasool Shah. Moulvi Yusuf Shah would perform the duties
of Mirwaiz while Moulvi Ateequallah set up an educational institution 'Anjuman-Nusrat-ul-Islam'.
This organisation started Islamia High School at Razouri Kadal. It also set up
some Middle schools on other parts of the Valley.
Many Kashmiri Pandit families lived in the
vicinity of Mirwaiz Manzil. Among these was one of Pt. Jia Lal Choudhary, a
leading advocate of his time and father of renowned physician, Dr. K.L.
Choudhary. Sh. Shamboo Nath Choudhary was a clerk in judicial department. Bhans
also lived here. Dr. Ali Mohammed Jan, the greatest physician Kashmir has ever
produced, was also born here.
Subsequently, during the time of Mirwaiz Farooq
Mirwaiz family shifted to Nageen, in the vicinity of Hazratbal.
This locality which is in close vicinity of
Razouri Kadal derives its name from Wazas, the master cooks of Kashmir. These
master cooks or Wazas were called Ashpazas. Clan of Wazas have
been living here for many generations. The proprietor of Ahdoo and sons, the
leading hotel of Srinagar, also hails from this locality. Traditionally, the
Waza clan has been politically associated with Mirwaiz Kashmir. Another leading
trader of Wazapora was Kh. Azim-ud-Din Mantoo. His shop, dealing in wholesale
business, was located at Maharaj Ganj.
Prominent Kashmiri Pandit families of Wazapora
locality were Bhan, Charagi, Khashoo, Karvani, Raina, Budki. Late Dina Nath
Khushoo used to deal in Pharmaceuticals, while his younger brother, Prithvi Nath
Khushoo was a wholesale dealer, selling hosiery and other Muniari items. He ran
shop at Maharaja Bazar under the title M/s Kins Brothers. Jagar Nath
Charagi's shop at Maisuma, titled 'M/s Mahavir Trading Agency', dealth
with general merchandise. Sh. Nilakanth Budki was an official of Kashmir Govt.
Arts Emporium, while his brother was a petition writer.
This mohalla was also adjacent to Razouri Kadal.
Four Pandit families lived in Sheikh Mohalla. Pt. Kailash Kaul, a reputed
teacher and father of veteran journalist CB Kaul lived here. Another prominent
personality of this mohalla was Sh. Soom Nath Raina, an official in Indian
Airlines. His father-in-law Sh. Lamboodhar KadalBujoo had a stint as an editor
of 'Martand'. Among others Qazi Saifuddin and Qazi Mohammed Yusuf, both
professors lived here.
mohalla in the vicinity of Safakadal the 7th bridge owes its importance to
being the birth place Mata Roopa Bhawani, the great saint-poetess of Kashmir in
17th century. She was daughter of Pt. Madhav Joo Dhar, a resident of this
mohalla. Mata Roopa Bhawani was an ardent devotee of Goddess Sharika, the
presiding deity of Srinagar city. Roopa Bhawani's temple stands here.
well-known feudal clan of Dhars hailed from this mohalla. The palatial
buildings of this clan which stand to this day attest to their immense
affluence. The temple in the mohalla was also built by them. The leading
personalities of the clan included Pt. Birbal Dhar, who guided Sikhs to Kashmir,
Pt. Bal Kak Dhar, former Wazir-e-Wazarat, Sh. DP Dhar, a well-known politician
and former ambassador to Soviet Union, Maj. General (Retd.) BN Dhar etc.
other prominent members of this clan were Rai Bahadur Shyam Sunder Lal Dhar,
former Panchayat and Development officer, Sh. Ratan Lal Dhar, former Director
Food and Supplies, Pt. Manmohan Nath, a senior official in Maharaja's
administration, Pt. Ramchand Dhar, an eminent educationist, Pt. Krishan Joo Dhar,
former Director Flood Control, Sh. Janki Nath Dhar, Sh. Shamboo Nath Dhar, noted
advocate and former President Srinagar Municipality (born Braripora, Nawakadal).
Sh. Dina Nath Dhar, former Head Master and proprietor of
at Lal Chowk etc.
ace-cricketer Pt. Ramchand Tickoo also lived in this mohalla. His eldest son Sh.
Prithvi Nath Tickoo was gunned down by the terrorists in May 1990. Late Nand Lal
'Begarz', the eminent teacher and the first to write a short story in
Kashmiri also lived at Khankah-e-Sokhta. His nephew Prof. Nilakanth Lala Raina,
whom he had taken in adoption, was a scholar of eminence. He was a trained
historian. His essay on 'Northern Areas' was widely appreciated. In 1990
when fundamentalist insurgency erupted Prof Raina did not want to leave Kashmir.
He was gunned down by terrorists for his refusal to leave Kashmir.
Niranjan Nath Razdan, the proprietor of Mercantile Press, Kothi Bagh also lived
here. His father Sh. Madho Ram Razdan had published the religious texts of
Kashmiri Hindus in Urdu and Kashmiri. Pt. Niranjan Nath had started an English
daily, 'New Kashmir'.
This paper practised fearless
journalism and was forced to close down.
Prominent politician - Moulvi Abbas Ansari, a Shia cleric and Bakshi Ghulam
Mohammad, former Chief Minister of J&K, belonged to this mohalla. Well-known
hakim of his time, Pt. Sansar Chand Hakim also lived here. He was an
employee of Accountant General's office.
the left bank of Jehlum were located many mohallas - Gurgari Mohalla, Dab Tal,
Rehbabsab, Sehyar, Ganz Khud and Qutab-Din-Pora etc.
Prominent personalities of this mohalla included Pt. Anand Kaul Bamzai, Saint
Swami Nand Lal (of Tikker), Pt. Prem Nath Kanaw, former editor of Urdu daily
'The Martand', Sh. Lamboodhar Kaul Kadalbujoo, also an editor of
'The Martand' Doyen of Kashmir archeology and former Prime Minister,
Pt. RC Kak was also born in Gurgari Mohalla.
Anand Kaul Bamzai was a noted historian and first president of Srinagar
Municipality. He was moving spirit behind the enactment of Municipality bylaws.
His son, Pt. PN Kaul Bamzai initially served as Science teacher in MP Higher
Secondary School. Later, he moved to Delhi and retired as a senior official in
Information and Broadcasting Ministry, Govt. of India. He also authored many
books on Kashmir, which included 'A history of Kashmir', 'Kashmir from
Lake success to Tashkent', 'Kashmir and Central Asia', 'Socio-economic history
of Kashmir under Dogras' etc. Another member of Bamzai clan, Sh. Kashi
Nath Bamzai, was correspondent of Blitz in 1947 and served as Press Advisor to
Pt. Nehru after 1947. Sh KN Bamzai retired as Registrar Newspapers of India. Sh
Bamzai's grandchildren-Sandeep Bamzai and Kavaree Bamzai too are senior
journalists in Delhi. The former is author of 'Bonfire Kashmiriat', a
major contribution to historiography of Kashmir, while the latter is Deputy
Editor of 'India Today'.
Hriday Nath Bamzai, younger brother of Sh. KN Bamzai moved to Bombay while he
was still a student of 7th Class. He changed his name to 'Hari Kashmiri'.
but failed to make his mark as an actor. Then he set up his own business -
supplying extra actors to film companies. 'Hari Kashmiri' was very friendly to
extra artists, helping them in every way possible. He would pay these artists
liberally. It earned him tremendous popularity. This munificence earned him the
wrath of rival suppliers who used to cheat extra artists of their wages. A
conspiracy was hatched to assassinate him. Hriday Nath left behind a widow and a
Ram Kaul's son - Pt. Damodhar Kaul was an employee of AG's office. Subsequently,
he started a big concern-'Martand Trading Agency' at Mahraj Ganj. This
company dealt in paper and cutlery on wholesale basis. Pt. Hari Kaul was a govt.
teacher. He left his job to join 'Martand Trading Agency'. After a while he
started his own business at Mahraj Ganj under the title 'M/s Hari Kaul and
Kina Kaul alias Kinat Sahib, a reputed teacher too hailed from Gurgari
Mohalla. Pt. Triloki Nath Kaul, a resident of this mohalla served 'The
and 'The Times of
with distinction in the capacity of Sub-Editor.
After passing his graduation in 1946 from Punjab University Sh. TN Kaul served
as a teacher in Quetta (Baluchistan). In 1947 he returned to India and lived in
Kingsway camp (Delhi) before shifting to Malika Ganj, Pt. TN Kaul has authored
many books. Few years back he passed away at the age of 90.
Chaku clan also hails from Gurgari mohalla. Sh. Sona Kaul Chaku, a scion of this
clan was a teacher. He had two sons--Prithvi Nath and Janki Nath. Both of them
started their career as teachers. Later, Sh. PN Chaku joined SP College as
Professor after passing MA in Economics. He moved to Delhi and retired as
Dab Tal Mohalla:
This mohalla is situated between Ganz-Khod and Gurgari mohalla. Sansar Chand
Kaul, an advocate hailed from this mohalla. His younger brother, Sh. Niranjan
Nath Kaul was an Income Tax lawyer. Sh. Chuni Lal Kaul S/o Sh. Sansar Chand
Kaul, is a lawyer, presently based in Jammu. Sh Som Nath Kaul, who migrated to
Himachal Pradesh, retired as Headmaster.
other well-known Pandit family who lived here was of Bhats. Sh. Gopi Nath (Mugloo)
retired as Headmaster of a Govt. High School. His son Pt. Omkar Nath Bhat worked
as a Professor in Vishwa Bharti College, Rainawari (Srinagar). The latter had a
brief stint in Journalism when he worked as Assistant Editor of the weekly
'Rehnuma' and 'Desh'. For a while he also worked as a
script writer with Radio Kashmir.
This mohalla is located opposite Rehbab Sahib. The well known Kaul clan lived
here. It included Pt. Hargopal Kaul 'Khasta' (Sher-e-Kashmir), Pt.
Shiv Narayan Fotedar, Pt. Shamboo Nath Kaul (Vakil) and his two sons--Pushkar
Nath Pyare Lal, Advocate and author of four books on contemporary history of
Kashmir. Renowned teacher and first Headmaster of CMS School, Fateh Kadal, Pt.
Shankar Pandit also lived here. Others who lived here included, Pt. Shivjee
Kaul, a Govt. teacher. His son Sh. Kashi Nath Kaul, B.A.B.T. retired as T.E.O.
Sh. KN Kaul was General Secretary of Samaj Sudhar Samiti, Chota Bazar, Srinagar.
He also authored many books.
Ganz - khod:
Eminent personalities of this mohalla included Pt. Amar Nath Ganjoo, a
well-known RSS leader and Chaman Lal Kaul, a high official in ONGC, presently
settled at Mumbai.
Wattal Kadal lies between Safakadal and Nawakadal. Pandita-Kaul family lived
here. Of the three brothers Nand Lal was secretary to Govt. Sh. Bishamber Nath
retired as Supdt. Police while Sh. Radhakrishan was an eminent educationist and
retired as Headmaster Govt. High School, Bagh-e-Dilawar Khan, Srinagar. This
family had a tonga. Sh. Bishamber had been trained by Scotland Yard and used to
be immacutaely dressed.
This mohalla is located between Sehyar and Nawakadal. It was in Jamalata Chowk.
In 1953 the then senior NC leader Gh. Mohi-ud-Din Qarra addressed a public
meeting and raised pro-Pak slogans. This stunned the audience. The then Prime
Minister (Chief Minister) Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, was watching at that time a
cultural programme at Govt. Girls Higher Secondary School, Nawakadal, quite near
to the venue. The well-known clan of Mozas (Dattatrey Kauls) originally hailed
from Jamalata. It was from here they migrated to different places.
lies between Jamalata Chowk and Nawa Bazar bridge on the left side. Khwaja
Mohammed Maqbool Pandit, then Wazir-e-Wazarat lived here. He had a palatial
bungalow. His eldest son, Bashir Ahmed Pandit after passing his B.A. migrated to
Pakistan. He passed away at Lahore a few years back. The other son. Mr. Mohd.
Shafi Pandit, an IAS officer is presently serving as Chairman J&K Public Service
Commission. Kh. Maqbool Pandit had constructed another grand building near Govt.
Medical College, Srinagar. This was later on sold to Khadi Ashram. Jamal Siraj,
a leading carpet manufacturer also hailed from Shorgari mohalla.
Qutub Din Pora:
Across Zaina Kadal Bridge near Gurgari mohalla lies the mohalla of Qutabdinpora.
Hakim Ahmedullah, popularly known as 'Ama Hakim', was a native of this place.
Patients came from distant corners of Kashmir to get treated by this renowned
Hakim. Unfortunately, his son-in-law, Peerzada Ghulam Rasool, who retired as
Headmaster State High School, Bagh-e-Dilawar Khan, passed away at an early age.
Hakim Sahib became unconsolable due to this tragic incident. He affixed a paper
at his clinic, describing that day as the most sorrowful one. Peerzada Ghulam
Rasool's son, rose to be the Chief Engineer of PDD and also served as Chairman
National Grid Corporation of India. Ama Hakim had two sons--Dr. Haffizullah, an
allopathic doctor who died in an aircrash at Huin Heng and Hakim Qudratullah, a
Unani Hakim. Dr. Hafizullah was a devotee of Swami Lakhman Joo, the Shaivite
scholar and saint.